Proposal 3: A constitutional amendment on energy standards

SOUTHFIELD (WXYZ) - Proposal 3, better known as "25 by 25," asks voters to amend Michigan's constitution to require that at least 25% percent of the state's electricity come from renewable resources by 2025.

"Michigan is really at a crossroads to capture the investment, innovation and jobs that renewable energy will bring," said Dianne Byrum. She is a spokeswoman for Michigan Energy Michigan Jobs, a group that supports the amendments.

But James Hohman, who is with the Mackinac Center for Public Policy disagrees. "Renewable energy is likely, regardless of this mandate, to become less expensive over time. When it becomes less expensive, when it becomes a feasible alternative to what we have right now, then you don't need to mandate it. It will just happen," Hohman told Action News.

The proposal language limits electric utility rate increases charged to the consumer to no more than 1% annually to achieve compliance. But opponents, which include big utilities, say those costs could be padded in other areas and still passed on to the consumer. "There are a lot of ways to sneak around the cost of compliance and we fully expect that the cost of this mandate will exceed 16% (when fully implemented)," said Hohman.

Byrum calls the critique a fear tactic. "We have a body of law. It's public act 295 from 2008 that sets out the current renewable energy standard. All of those things have been dealt with in that public act. This proposal  can go right into that act for implementation."

To learn more about what both sides have to say about Proposal Three, click on the video player above.

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